History & Landmarks
When Clark Street was an Indian path known as Green Bay Trail and scattered bands of Miami, Ottawa, and Winnebago tribes camped along the north branch of the Chicago River, the first settler came to live in what is now Lakeview East. This same settler, Conrad Sulzer, who arrived in 1837, was later to become the first assessor at the first election of Lake View Township in 1857.
Legend has it Lakeview East got it’s name from “Hotel Lake View,” built on the lake shore in 1853 by James H. Rees and E. E. Hundley. The owners were standing on the hotel’s portico trying to decide upon the right name when Walter L. Newberry, delighted with the unbroken view of the lake from the building, proposed the name.
Soon after this, a cholera epidemic hit Chicago and many residents fled to the countryside near the hotel to escape the disease. Hotel Lake View was soon crowded to capacity. Many of the refugees were so fascinated by the country air and view of the lake that they remained to purchase nearby homesteads.
Because no roads were laid out reaching the area a plank road from Fullerton north to just a little beyond Graceland (Irving Park Road) was built. Perhaps the granddaddy of our suburban highways, this plank road built by Rees, Hundley, S.S. Hayes, and others gave impetus to the development of the nearby settlements. It was called “Lake View Plank Road,” now Broadway.
In the 1880′s industry arrived in what had previously been a truck farming region, known as the celery capitol of the world. By 1887 the town of Lake View was incorporated into the city and in 1889 it would be annexed to Chicago’s real estate boom, where 43 percent of Lakeview East’s present residences were constructed. A large shopping area at Clark Street and Diversey Pkwy emerged to service the quickly growing populations, beginning what is now the Lakeview East business district on Broadway and Clark Streets.
The Century Shopping Centre – Historic Shopping
Recent redevelopment of the building, now known as The Century Shopping Centre, consisted of the renovation of the mall’s interior and the refurbishing of the mall’s exterior, including the restoration of the building’s Arabesque facade and grand marquee. With the addition of the city’s only specialty theater complex and a more upscale mix of retail stores, The Century has become a major player among the city’s top entertainment and shopping destinations.
Hawthorne Place District – A Chicago Historic District
Hawthorne Place is one of the few streets along the city’s north shore that was developed for-and has largely retained-large residences on large lots. After a shoreline drive began to be constructed in the 1890s, the McConnell brothers created large lots to attract buyers who wanted proximity to downtown but with larger yards than typically found in the city. Both brothers built their own homes on the street and set the tone for subsequent development, which includes works by such architects as Burnham & Root and Pond & Pond. The openness of the district makes it an oasis between the density of the Broadway retail district and the high-rises along Lake Shore Drive.
Brewster Apartments – Creative Housing Landmark
The principles of skeleton-frame construction, which made possible tall commercial skyscrapers at the end of the 19th century, were used here for an early high-rise apartment building that originally was known as the Lincoln Park Palace. Behind its heavy masonry walls is an exceptionally innovative interior, a light-and-airy construction of cast-iron stairs, elevator cages, bridge walkways paved with glass blocks, and a massive skylight.